Refrigerator Repair: How to Identify Common Causes of Refrigerator Noise

Is your refrigerator keeping you up at night with its various moans and groans? When you need immediate relief from your noisy refrigerator, there are a few steps you can take. Follow these helpful tips from your local appliance repair shop:

  • Locate the source of the noise – Is the noise coming from the inside of the freezer, or the outside back of the refrigerator? Determining what area the noise is coming from will help you narrow down the possible components that might be causing the sound.
  • Troubleshoot – There are only a handful of parts in a refrigerator that typically cause noise. Once you have narrowed down the general location of the sound, you can begin troubleshooting various components to try to resolve the issue. While some issues can easily be fixed with minimal effort, others will require that you call in a professional who is trained in refrigeration repair.

Noise Inside the Freezer

Noise originating inside the freezer can typically be attributed to the evaporator fan, which runs whenever the unit is actively cooling. If you notice a chirping, squealing, or groaning sound that comes and goes (rather than being steady), it may be an issue with the fan motor. To find out for sure, open the freezer door and hold down the light/fan switch if there is one. If the sound gets louder with the door open, you can be pretty sure that the fan is the cause. Unfortunately, there is no way to repair the evaporator fan motor–you must replace the part in order to resolve the issue.

Noise from the Back of the Refrigerator

Most noises that you notice will come from the back of the refrigerator, where most of the moving parts are located. If you have a self-defrosting unit, the first place you will want to check is the condenser fan. The condenser fan is located on the back of the refrigerator, often behind a thin panel. The fan can occasionally accumulate a buildup of lint and other debris, causing a buzzing or clicking noise. You can try to resolve the problem by removing the thin cover to access the fan, and then cleaning the fan of any debris using a soft bristled brush (old toothbrushes are great for this!). Once the fan is clear of dust or other materials, replace the cover and plug the refrigerator back in. If you still have noise coming from the condenser fan after cleaning it, you may have to replace the part with the help of an appliance repair company.

If your refrigerator is making a rumbling, or purring noise from the back, it may indicate a problem with your compressor. The compressor is located in a football-sized case on the back of the refrigerator, near the bottom of the unit, and usually contains either black or copper tubes with a variety of colored wires. The compressor is typically a sealed unit, so it can not be replaced by a do-it-yourselfer. If you are able to isolate the problem to the compressor, you will need to contact a refrigerator repair technician to complete the job.

Noise from the Bottom of the Refrigerator

If you have noise emanating from the bottom of your refrigerator, it is likely coming from one of two places. The first, and easiest to resolve, is rattling from a loose drain pan. To fix this issue, simply tape the pan securely in place to stop the noise. If that doesn’t work, you may have an issue with the defrost timer. The defrost timer is located in the front of the unit, behind the kickplate. This part is actually a heating element located on the evaporator coil and can not be repaired. If you are experiencing trouble with the defrost timer, you may also notice a buildup of frost in your refrigerator or freezer. To have this component replaced, you should contact an experienced professional for installation of the refrigerator repair part.

When to Contact the Professionals

If you complete the above steps and still can’t determine where the problem is coming from, or if you need to replace a complicated part such as the compressor or defrost timer, you should contact your

local appliance repair service. In addition to providing you with thorough troubleshooting and safe, reliable repairs, most refrigerator repair technicians also offer routine maintenance, which can help you avoid problems down the road. With their help, you’ll be able to sleep soundly without being interrupted by strange kitchen noises well into the future.

What Rich People Know and Desperately Want to Keep Secret

It is natural to hide one’s source of success. The tendency to make the source secret is even high(er) when it comes to money-making. That is why the rich would not like to disclose their financial-success secret. But the good news is that there is revelation of the whole secret in this text entitled “What Rich People Know and Desperately Want to Keep Secret”.

Brian Sher, the author of this text was born in South Africa, and moved to Australia in high school. Sher obtained a degree in Marketing from the University of New South Wales.

His subsequent business travels overseas aroused his interest in consultancy, and after spending two years in Los Angeles, he returned to Australia and formed his own company, specialising in marketing and business-growth strategies.

Working with businesses, one of his major clients offered to partner him in a new venture – Vision Publishing. Under Sher’s direction, Vision Publishing experienced phenomenal growth. His extensive network and strong reputation as one of Australia’s most-dynamic and exciting marketers made him an active and sought-after business coach.

According to the author, most people dream of being rich; they imagine what it would be like to have more money than they know what to do with. Sher adds that for a brief moment, they leave their reality by playing ‘make-believe’. He says for most people, this is as far as they will ever get with this dream, and they will quickly snap back to inaction, for fear of stretching their boundaries too far.

Sher submits that a relative few people set off on a different journey, a journey so challenging and demanding, yet so exciting that it brings new life and new meaning. He adds that in the end, unfortunately, many of these dreams are also shattered as a result of not knowing what rich people know.

This author thus shares with you in this book, the basic but powerful principles of success and takes you on a journey towards personal and financial riches. Sher reveals what the world’s richest people know that everyone else does not know, and offers you tips for enriching your life and enhancing your bottom line. According to him, businesses and people succeed because they do the basics well, and in most cases, not because of luck, clever finance, extreme technology, or running ahead of the pack.

This book has six parts of 44 chapters. Part one generically focuses on the basics of success, and contains four chapters. Chapter one is based on what riches are and what rich people do. Sher says almost everyone you meet wants to be rich momentarily. He educates that the truth, however, is that being truly rich in life is not just about having more money.

Sher expatiates that being truly rich in life means having many other things more important than money, such as more fulfilling and rewarding relationships, good friends, a satisfying career, etc.

On how the rich people make all their money, the author reveals that they achieve this by going into the right and profitable businesses; by inheriting money; by putting what they have in financial investments; by honestly working for money and leveraging it; and finally by stealing it or cheating others out of theirs.

Chapter two examines your first step on the road to riches. Here, Sher says in everything we do, we have to consider where we are coming from, what business conditions are now and what we have to know before we begin. He explains in detail that how he discovered this reality the hard way in the course of his own business and recounts his experience.

In chapters three and four, Sher discusses why more businesses fail than ever succeed and four critical advantages your competitors can never have. These advantages are your knowledge, marketing, people and systems.

Part two is conceptually summarised as “You”, and covers 14 chapters, that is, chapters five to 18. Chapter five is based on the starting point for all riches. Here, the author says one thing he discovered early in his business career is that there is no point in reinventing the wheel. Sher stresses that for this reason, you must learn all you can from successful people, in the form of reading their books, learning about their lives, talking to them, etc. He discloses that these opportunities have provided him with a lot of what he knows about success now.

Sher expatiates that as a result of his studying successful people very well, he has been lucky enough to discover many of the habits and characteristics they have in common. He says the richest and the most successful people are the most rounded people. Sher educates that he has found out that most successful people have 36 personal qualities he would like to call “Personal Foundations to Riches”.

Some of these qualities are: practising perfectly to make perfect; having an open mind; flexibility; focusing on continuous self-improvement; dreaming big dreams; and having a clear sense of direction. Others are: setting goals and writing them down; being unique; associating with the right people; developing self-discipline; embracing failure; making quick decisions; becoming self-employed, etc.

In chapters six to 12, Sher analytically X-rays the concepts of education being the only one shortcut to success; the need for big dreams; need to be unique or be nothing at all; need to ask for help; trying to avoid being Poor Jack but Rich Michael; how to get everything you want in life; your need for something far more valuable than money before you get rich.

Chapter 13 stresses that passion is the secret weapon of the rich. Here, the author says success is rarely an overnight phenomenon. Sher explains that what you see as a success is invariably the result of years of efforts; failures and restarts; hurdles cleared and problems avoided. The only things that can sustain such a strong drive for success are passion and commitment, says the author.

Sher asserts that you should find any rich or successful person, and he will show you a person that absolutely loves what he or she does. He expatiates that it is impossible to achieve enduring success unless you love what you do, adding that every rich or successful person he has encountered has said so. Sher adds that passion must constantly be lubricated with commitment if one is to succeed.

Chapter 14 is based on the fact that rich people feel alive and exhilarated because of risk. Here, the author says most people avoid risk like a plague and see it as something bad. Sher reveals that the rich do not think this way as they even thrive on risk. He says successful people make a conscious decision to overcome their fear, accept responsibility until they eventually win. Facing and accepting risk gives you a sense of purpose and a set of feelings you simply cannot describe, and it motivates you to find the next rush, asserts the author.

Chapters 15 to 18 focus on the need to take responsibility; the rich embracing failures most; moving fast or getting out of the way; and always getting self-employed.

Part three examines the broad concept of your marketing, and contains eight chapters, that is, chapters 19 to 26. Chapter 19 is based on the machine that drives your business. According to Sher here, marketing is the second critical area of your business; the machine that drives your business and skill that makes or breaks you. He says this is because when used correctly, marketing can be the biggest profit-making tool you will find in business. Sher educates that superior marketing comes about only when you really understand that marketing is about focusing on your customers’ needs rather than on your product or service.

In chapters 20 to 26, the author also beams his analytical searchlight on further definition of marketing; why most people never get rich; the death of market share; making it easy for customers to buy; how advertising can kill a business; 50 per cent of something being better than 100 per cent of nothing; and the magic button for business success.

Part four is conceptually woven together as “Your people”, and contains five chapters, that is, chapters 27 to 31. In chapter 27 based on how to get your employees to fall in love with your company, Sher says he has always stressed that your people are your greatest asset and one of the four critical ways you can gain a competitive advantage.

According to him, if your people are positive and happy to be working for you, you will definitely be ahead. The author stresses that no one can compete with individuals who actually enjoy their work, have fun with customers and actually care about customers. Your competitors cannot copy such a brilliant culture overnight, discloses Sher.

In chapters 28 to 31, Sher examines the concepts of how to hire the right people; getting good people, then holding on; frequent use of all your resources, including your entire brain pool; and the redundancy of one person if two people think the same way.

Part five has as its generic subject matter of your systems, and contains nine chapters, that is, chapters 32 to 40. Chapter 32 is on why systems are so important. The author says systems are one of the four competitive advantages you have. He adds that drawing on your experience, learning from trial and error, or using meticulous planning, you can use systems to maximise your efficiency.

In chapters 33 to 40, Sher examines concepts such as how to make the complex seem easy and sell your business quickly and easily; “Leverage” as a word that makes people millionaires; focusing on money-making activities and delegating to others; tendency for problems to happen once; and how to measure performance. He also discusses the need for you not to gamble your profits away; the need for everyone to know your business and looking under your feet first for acres of diamonds.

Part six is christened things to remember, and contains four chapters, that is, chapters 41 to 44. Chapter 41 is based on the need for you to realise that growing too quickly could mean getting too big for your boots. According to Sher here, although it is fun and exciting to grow, growing too fast is also dangerous for a business.

In chapters 42 to 44, this author X-rays concepts such as the possibility of the word “Trust” to be a four-letter word; the need not to go it alone; and the impossibility of creating successful people.

In the area of style, the text establishes its towering presence. Sher segments the book into 44 chapters and brilliantly handles them (the chapters). Apart from providing the necessary background with his personal experiences, he also quotes different authorities in each chapter to back up his messages. Quoting these sources readily attests to his depth of research.

The beauty of the book also lies in the fact it is written in a language that does not impede understanding of the main messages. I am especially fascinated by the facts provided in chapter 28 based on the way to hire the right people; the need to concentrate on people skills of prospective employees in the course of employment. This idea is the most effective recruitment strategy in that it is based on testing emotional intelligence rather than intelligence quotient of prospective employees. This is good because research shows that it is easy to teach people technical skills but difficult to teach them soft or people skills.

The use of black and grey colours on the outer front cover of the book reinforces the subject matter of financial knowledge of riches and tendency to hide it by the rich. The black area symbolises secret and ignorance while the grey area stands for knowledge because “grey matter” means “intelligence” or “brain”.

However, it is said in chapter one (page eight) that one of the ways rich people make their money is by stealing it or cheating others out of theirs. This should not have been included in the list in the first place because the purpose of the book is to educate people on how to be rich in the right way not through criminal means.

Also, chapters such as one and 12; two and five; and 19 and 20 respectively seem repetitive, with either of the two in each pair almost conceptually redundant.

Generally, the book is a good effort, a one-stop shop of intellectual varieties.

This book is a necessary companion for anybody that wants to become rich through knowledge of the secret of the rich.

How Do You Make A YouTube Video?

My article today is about You Tube Videos, how to make them, why to make them and what to talk about in them!

Within the online business I do, making videos is one of the forms of marketing we learn to do as it gives a personal touch and means the people viewing the videos get to know you. You know how you just feel an affinity or connection with some people, so by making videos you’ll get a following of like minded people who are interested in what you have to say.

Vlogging

A word we use is a ‘Vlog’ which means video blog. So instead of or as well as writing a blog post/article, you can make a video. Some of us aren’t keen on writing, so a vlog could be a better alternative because you just say what you want instead of typing/writing it.

What is on YouTube?

Since having baby no. 2 we decided to get our 2 & 9 month old toddler a kids tablet! He loves playing with toys such as trains, cars & dinosaurs but we thought sometimes there are times when you need your crazy toddler to sit still for a while!

We downloaded YouTube Kids on to his tablet so he could watch programmes like Paw Patrol, Thomas The Tank Engine & Andy’s Dinosaur Adventures and I’ve discovered that people upload literally all sorts on to YouTube! He managed to come across random people, both adults and children, playing with plastic Paw Patrol characters and Thomas & Friends trains etc! The people shooting the videos would be narrating as they played and they’d be from all around the world, some speaking in languages other than English too. My toddler Tommy actually prefers those type of videos to the real episodes, even if he can’t understand the language!

So this made me realise that there is something for everyone! You may think who’d be interested in what I have to say, but the above proves that you will create content that will be interesting to someone!

What Do I Write About?

Have a think about what you’re interested in and how it could be of help or use to other people. You may think you don’t have any experience or knowledge that people could learn from, but you are unique and nobody else has your thoughts or ideas. Don’t try too hard or just write about what you think other people want, just make your videos (and/or blogs) from the heart and give your take on things. People will appreciate you for being real and just being yourself.

Take a look on YouTube at Gary Vee who is a great video blogger and has made himself a household name, all by being consistent and his true self.

Here’s just a few examples of what you could vlog about:

Reviews (wine, destinations, food, electrical items, pushchairs and so on)

Inspirational/Motivational quotes

Personal issues and how to resolve them

Exercise & health tips

Recipes & how to cook

Languages & teaching phrases/words

How to fix things such as building units, unblocking a sink etc

Sports techniques such as football skills, fishing tips and so on

These are just a few ideas, literally the world is your oyster and you can talk about anything and everything! Just make sure it’s relevant to you so that your passion and experience/knowledge show through. You are an expert at being you and people trust experts.

To sign up to YouTube, which is owned by Google, just use or set up your gmail account. You don’t need a technical video camera, just your smart phone will suffice. We take photos just like that with our phone, so why not try out a video instead?!

So my niche is about being a work from home mum and I do love happy inspirational quotes and self development books! My videos and blogs are generally about these two topics because I feel passionate about them and feel I can naturally and easily talk about them.

Navigating Brexit’s New Strait of Gibraltar

The Rock of Gibraltar, a limestone promontory at the southernmost tip of the Iberian Peninsula, guards the 9-mile strait that separates Europe from Africa. It also symbolizes the first stumbling block in the United Kingdom’s chosen exit from membership in the European Union.

Gibraltar, also known as the Rock, is a self-governing British overseas territory bordering on Spain, and it presents unique legal and diplomatic problems. Its history complicates the pending EU-U.K. Brexit negotiation of this unprecedented international political and economic divorce.

Long-standing Spanish claims of sovereignty over Gibraltar, opposed by its 33,000 citizens and by the U.K., may alienate Spain as a hoped-for U.K. ally in the two-year Brexit negotiations just now starting.

As one who has written about “where to stash your cash” offshore for 20 years, I have emphasized Gibraltar’s important role as one of only two tax havens in the EU. (Luxembourg is the other.) Today, Gibraltar is the world’s fifth-largest banking center, and with a gross domestic product (GDP) of $1.9 billion, it has one of the highest GDP per capita on Earth.

Indeed, the pending fate of Gibraltar could determine the success or failure of Brexit.

A Tiny Offshore Giant

Since 1973, when the U.K. joined the European Common Market, the predecessor to the EU, Gibraltar has managed to skillfully carve out a unique legal status.

In 2008, it won a significant victory when the EU’s highest court affirmed the right of Gibraltar to set its own tax policies independent of the U.K., allowing it to continue as a tax haven. Gibraltar levies a low 10% corporate tax, with no taxes on capital gains, inheritance or gifts, and no wealth or value-added taxes. The financial sector, tourism (over 11 million visitors annually), gambling revenues, shipping services fees and duties on consumer goods generate revenue.

Gibraltar is also a leading international financial, investment and insurance center, home to British and international banks. Major U.K. bookmakers and online gaming operators relocated here to benefit from a well-regulated jurisdiction with low taxes. Over 100,000 offshore companies are registered here, either tax-exempt or nonresident.

Operating freely within the EU, Gibraltar knows from whence its prosperity comes.

The Start of a Bad Brexit

In Gibraltar’s own separate 2016 Brexit referendum, Gibraltarians voted by 95.9% to remain in the EU, apparently hoping for a better Brexit deal that will preserve the territory’s profitable status. U.K. Prime Minister Theresa May has been criticized for not defending Gibraltar strongly enough.

To add to worries on the Rock, EU President Donald Tusk’s draft guidelines on Brexit talks give Spain the final say on whether any EU-U.K. deal would apply to Gibraltar. Tusk’s anti-U.K. move resurrects a Spanish claim on the Rock that dates to 1713 when Gibraltar, a strategic military and naval location, was ceded to Great Britain by Spain in the Treaty of Utrecht that ended the 14-year War of the Spanish Succession.

While Spanish leaders see Brexit as their best chance in three centuries to reclaim sovereignty, members of May’s ruling Conservative Party won’t tolerate any concessions to Spain. In a 2002 referendum, a 98.9% majority of British voters overwhelmingly opposed any sharing of Gibraltar’s sovereignty with Spain.

Indeed, the Rock has been British longer than the United States has been American.

Any EU-U.K. decision involving the sovereignty of Gibraltar would further complicate a series of tangled anti-Brexit priorities being pushed by the 27 remaining EU member states, including immigration, fishing rights, shipping, and freedom of movement for labor and capital.

In ancient times, many believed that those so foolish as to sail beyond the Strait of Gibraltar were doomed to fall off the western edge of a supposedly flat earth.

Now navigating an even direr Gibraltar strait may doom the United Kingdom to failure in negotiating a favorable exit from the European Union.

Horizon Fitness Treadmills – Which One is Right For You?

You can choose to go to a great health club to work out on one of their treadmills or you can now have a great workout in the comfort of your home with Horizon Fitness Treadmills. They come in all ranges and sizes. Take a look at some of the favorite models.

The Horizon WT950 treadmill can reach high speeds of up to 12 miles per hour. It is made for endurance, hard and rigorous training routines and packs 2.25 horsepower. It has an incline motor which can operate at a full power of 3150RPM and 500 pounds of direct thrust from 0 to 12 per cent grade. With a great wireless pedometer which enables you to keep a tally of your daily steps quite easily, you can check the treadmill to know how your fitness is progressing each day. The treadmill has the capacity to upload your daily steps for the day using the treadmill console. It is portable thanks to its featherlight lift feature which uses two hydraulic shocks to help you in raising and lowering the deck. They are able to keep the deck in place above 45 degrees to prevent drops. The ultra compact, fold-on-nose is for safety and maneuverability. It also has a thicker, softer cushioning which is designed to take stress off your legs and joints.

The Horizon Fitness Treadmills also have another model called the Horizon T20 treadmill which used to be called the Advance 200 and has continued to be one of the best sellers. It is rated highly by all dealers because it attracts buyers from the novice and expert fitness enthusiasts to just everybody searching for a light or casual workout. It is durable and easy to control. It comes from a series of treadmills like the T25, T30, T40, T51, T52, T53, T54, HR. All of them are quality products which are every fitness shopper’s first choice for walking, running, or jogging with or without an incline. They can keep count of the calories burned, distance and speed covered during the workout.

The Horizon Fitness Treadmills also has a model called the Horizon Cse3 Elliptical that is designed to benefit people who suffer from joint problems. It means that the countless number of people who are tempted to give up exercise can be encouraged to use this particular treadmill. It has low-impact exercise for people with joint problems – whether they wish to lose weight, get in shape or just maintain their existing fitness level.

Ellipticals are sometimes called elliptical fitness machines, elliptical cross trainers, elliptical gliders or elliptical exercisers and provides perfect aerobic workout. They simulate the motions of cycling, walking, skiing, and stepping with very little impact to the delicate joints. With Horizon Fitness Cse3 Elliptical trainer, you do not have to remove the feet from the foot pads which mean that the workout puts very little impact on the knees, ankles, hips, and the back area of your body. This workout treadmill can work both your arms and legs at the same time. This enables the workout to burn more calories in a very limited time period. They are one of the most popular types of Horizon Fitness Treadmills even for use outdoors.

Outdoor Sports Lighting Options – Several Considerations to Assist With Your Purchasing Decisions

This category of products has developed rapidly over the past 10 years. With so many new, exciting and flexible options, it can be very overwhelming to not only a first-time buyer but an experienced outdoors person as well looking to expand their existing inventory.

Historically conventional battery, gas, candle or liquid fuel were the standard. While all of these options are still widely used, much safer, portability, significant durability, sizing options, flexibility and environmental options have evolved to enhance your selection and overall experience. The intent of this article is to touch on some of those options available to buyers today.

Category Options:

With the invention of the rechargeable batteries, solar, hand-generated power and other flexible applications have added greatly to the popularity of rechargeable battery powered lighting. These options have been particularly popular for hikers and off-road bikers, who are always short on room and looking for lighter overall weight and durability options in their backpacks. Whether you are Camping, Hunting, Fishing, Off-Road biking or Bird Watching there is always a time and place for hands off lighting applications. Options available can be for helmet, caps, headband style, mounted on handlebars of bikes, or even remote controlled directional on boats.

The flexibility now in lanterns spotlights, floodlights, flashlights, and torches are numerous as well. They can be hung from a tent, tree, collapsible, expandable, and handheld!

Lumen’s Performance

The invention of LED bulbs has had a dramatic had an impact on both outdoor and indoor lighting applications. LED bulbs to provide not only great lumen performance but life, duration, and durability over the typical filament bulb. A typical LED bulb has the life expectancy 40 times that of a traditional bulb. That coupled with the hardness contributes to their advantage over a filament product. A LED bulb has a greater upfront cost but your return on your investment far outweighs the durability and reliability of the typical filament bulb.

Lighting Power Options

The ongoing upgrades for a buyer’s rechargeable battery options continue to evolve greatly as well. There are a number of rechargeable lighting options that depend on a charging unit that can be connected to recharge a user’s power. A buyer using this type of lighting option in the outdoors as your main source of lighting may be suitable depending on the life of the battery and whether ready access to the main power source is readily available to use in conjunction with their recharging unit.

The Differences Between SodaStream Models

Many people want to get a SodaStream but have no idea which model is best for them. It can be difficult to choose, especially when the SodaStream company has no information highlighting the differences between the models. Here is a brief overview explaining which features are unique to the models.

There are currently eight SodaStream models available. They are The Revolution, The Source, The Fizz, The Crystal, The Pure, The Fountain Jet, The Dynamo and The Genesis. First, let’s address the similarities of all eight types. All of the eight models can make soda or sparkling water in the convenience of your home. All come with “stay fizzy” bottle closures that keep the carbonation in longer. All are compatible with the standard 14.5 ounce carbonation cylinder which is capable of carbonating up to sixty liters of soda or sparkling water.

There are four models which are capable of using either the 14.5 ounce carbonation cylinder or the larger 33 ounce cylinder, which is capable of carbonating up to 130 liters of soda or sparkling water. Those four models are The Revolution, The Dynamo, The Fountain Jet and The Fizz.

All eight models use the CO2 tank as a power source to carbonate. The Crystal, The Pure, The Dynamo, The Fountain Jet and The Genesis require no additional power source to operate. The Fizz and The Source do require a battery to operate the display components. That battery is included. The Revolution is the only model which requires electricity to work. Keep this in mind, as it will need to be near an outlet when used.

The Crystal comes with a dishwasher safe glass carafe. The other seven models come with BPA-free plastic bottles that are not dishwasher safe. You can buy dishwasher safe bottles separately that are compatible with those seven models, but you can not use the glass carafe with any model other than the Crystal.

The Dynamo, The Fountain Jet, The Pure, The Fizz and The Genesis all require the user to twist the bottle into place. The Crystal, The Revolution and The Source all lock the bottle into place without twisting, making them a little easier to use.

There is only one fully automated SodaStream available at this time. That is The Revolution. You simply press a button to tell it how carbonated you would like your drink and it does the rest for you. It also measures the CO2 levels to let you know how much is left in your carbonation cylinder. The Fizz is not automated but it does monitor and display the amount of carbonation in your drink as well as the level of CO2 in your cylinder. The Source has three LED lights to let you know how much carbonation is in your drink, but does not monitor the CO2 left in your cylinder.

I hope I have shed some light on what makes each SodaStream model unique. Click HERE for more information on SodaStreams and to see how the different models look. Remember, this will probably sit on your counter at all times, so you’ll want something that looks good in your kitchen.

Analysis of the Chorus in "Murder at the Cathedral"

T.S. Eliot’s Murder in the Cathedral tells the story of Thomas Beckett, a man who reigned as Archbishop of Canterbury during the 12th century in England until his death in 1170. In order to tell Beckett’s story, Eliot creates a series of equally interesting characters that each play a crucial role thought the play. The most unique role found within the play is the Women of Canterbury, or the Chorus. Throughout the piece, the Chorus delivers seven choral odes. These choral odes, when looked at as a collective work tell a story. They begin with brief foreshadowing of events that will occur later in the play, but then quickly jump into necessary storyline; one which summarizes the events of the pasts, and then immerses the audience into the common man’s view of the events in the present.

The first choral ode begins with heavy foreshadowing. The Women of Canterbury are drawn towards the Cathedral, but they do not know why. At first, there is confusion. They question, “Are we drawn by danger? Is it the knowledge of safety that that draws our feet towards the Cathedral?” As they reach the cathedral however, they come upon a realization. “There is not danger for us, and there is no safety in the cathedral. Some presage of an act, which our eyes are compelled to witness, has forced our feet towards the cathedral.” They recognize that it is not their own personal danger that draws them closer to the cathedral, but instead the foreshadowing of a horrifying act in which they will be forced to bear witness. It will be an act so terrible, that safety can not even be found within the hallowed halls of the cathedral.

After the period of foreshadowing, the mood of the first choral ode drastically shifts away from the dark and mysterious presage of an act to a description of the concrete past. The remainder of the choral ode serves as a way to bring the audience up to speed on the last seven years of Canterbury’s history. While they convey the events of the past, the women of Canterbury express a constant lurking fear for the safety of their Archbishop. A perfect example of this common theme found within the first choral ode is in the following stanza, in which the Chorus states:

“Seven years and the summer is over,

Seven years since the Archbishop left us,

He who was always so kind to his people.

But it would not be well if should return.”

These lines are typical of the first choral ode, for not only do they explain to the audience that the Archbishop Thomas Beckett has been gone for seven years now, but they fear for his well being and for the well being of Canterbury if he were to return. As the choral ode draws to a close, the Women of Canterbury give off a sense of unavoidable waiting. They say:

“Come happy December, who shall observe you, who shall preserve you?

Shall the Son of Man be born again in the litter of scorn?

For us, the poor, there is no action,

But only to wait and to witness”

They welcome the month of December, but then question how it could possibly be a joyous time. Who would be able to celebrate the Christmas and Advent season with the terrible events that are about to occur? Could Jesus be reborn into such scorn? The Women of Canterbury know that there is little they can do at this time. They must wait, and then witness the act that they fear.

With the commencement of the second choral ode, the general mood shifts from confusion and waiting to fear. The Women of Canterbury have been informed that Beckett is returning to Canterbury. Such an announcement stirs great anxiety amongst them. They fear that their way of life will be disrupted and endangered. They plea to a Thomas who has not yet arrived to:

“Return. Quickly. Quietly. Leave us to perish in quiet.

You come with applause, you come with rejoicing, but

You come bringing death into Canterbury:

A doom on the house, a doom on yourself, a doom on the world.”

The women say that though they will be rejoicing on the outside, their deep insides will be dominated by fear, for they believe that his coming will come hand in hand with his own death. The idea of fear is the general theme in the second choral ode, as it constantly recurs throughout the lines. Later in the choral ode, the women say, “We are afraid in a fear which we cannot know, which we cannot face, which none understands.” This illustrates the depth and complexity of the fear which they are facing, for they know not how to neither combat it nor completely comprehend it. All the people know is that with Thomas comes death upon their home of Canterbury, so the beg him to “leave us, leave us, leave us sullen Dover, and set sail for France.”

The fear of the second choral ode becomes a reality in the third. The Women of Canterbury know what decision Beckett has made. They tell him, “We have not been happy, my Lord, we have not been too happy. We are not ignorant women, we know what we must expect and not expect.” By saying this, the Women of Canterbury mean that they understand the consequences that Thomas has chosen by staying in Canterbury. They know that he will perish if he stays. Then the women begin to despair. They cry, “God gave us always some reason, some hope; but now a new terror has soiled us, which none can avert,” and, “God is leaving us, God is leaving us, more pang, more pain than birth or death.” The Women of Canterbury, who always took faith in the idea the God was protecting their Archbishop, believe that Thomas has turned away from the Lord’s protection by deciding to remain at Canterbury, for not even God could protect him from the wrath of what was yet to come.

The fourth choral ode that opens up the second act heads in a completely different direction than the intense despair of the third choral ode. Instead, this choral ode is more accepting, for the chorus knows that the death of Beckett is coming. Nature is used throughout this choral ode to foreshadow his death. At one point the Women of Canterbury say, “The starved crow sits in the field, attentive; and in the wood the owl rehearses the hallow note of death.” The starved crow that they speak of symbolizes the Four Knights, who arrive in Canterbury shortly after the choral ode is delivered. The owl symbolizes the result of their visit to Canterbury: a death, a death that they fear will be brought upon Thomas. Though they have accepted the situation, the Women of Canterbury feel helpless, for all they can do between that moment and Thomas’s death is wait. As there is nothing they can do, they say, “We wait, and the time is short, but the waiting is long.”

As the fifth choral ode begins, the helplessness from the fourth choral ode carries over, but this time it is coupled with an air of guilt. The Women of Canterbury are stuck in an in between zone. They grieve:

“Now is too late for action, too soon for contrition.

Nothing is possible but the shamed swoon

Of those consenting to the last humiliation.

I have consented, Lord Archbishop, have consented.”

The women realize that the wheel is turning and the eternal action leading to Beckett’s doom is in motion. They are in despair, for it is too late for them to try and aid their Archbishop, but too soon for them to seek forgiveness for allowing Beckett to be killed. The murder of their Archbishop is a matter that they are taking personal responsibility for, and they view it as a humiliation to them all. Their final cry of “I have consented, Lord Archbishop” truly isolates and illustrates the immense guilt that they have brought upon themselves. The Women of Canterbury believe that by standing aside and allowing the Knights to threaten Thomas, they have consented to his murder. All they have left is helplessness, guilt, and like always, waiting.

The sixth choral ode is met with a shift from helplessness to intense distress. Archbishop Thomas Beckett has just been murdered, and the Women of Canterbury feel as if they, along with all of Canterbury, have been stained with their Archbishop’s blood. The chorus screams:

“Clear the air! Clean the sky! Wash the wind! Take the

Stone from the stone, take the skin from the arm,

Take the muscle from the bone, and wash them.

Wash the stone, wash the bone, wash the brain,

Wash the soul, wash them wash them!”

As shown, the Women of Canterbury become obsessed with trying to wash themselves clean of Beckett’s blood. Such words confirm that the Women of Canterbury see not only the Four Knights as Thomas Beckett’s killer, but themselves as well. They feel severe regret, proclaiming:

“We did not wish anything to happen

We understood the private catastrophe,

The personal loss, the general misery,

Living and partly living”

These lines show that, though they believe that they were a part of the murder, they were unintentionally involved. They did not mean for any ill will to come upon their Archbishop, but through their lack of action, their living and partly living, they allowed Beckett to face a tragedy, a tragedy that they were completely aware of, alone. The Women of Canterbury abandoned their Lord, and they do not know how to deal with their despair

The final choral ode begins not with despair, but instead with grateful praise to an all powerful God. The entire choral ode reads like one long prayer of praise, thanks, and then contrition to a merciful God. At points, the Women of Canterbury even go as far as to compare their deceased Archbishop to Jesus Christ. In it’s beginning, they say, “We praise Thee, O God, for Thy glory displayed in all the creatures” The Women of Canterbury then go on to on to show their gratitude to God by respectfully praying, “We thank Thee for Thy mercies of blood, for Thy redemption by blood. For the blood of Thy martyrs and saints.” By these words, the Women of Canterbury are thanking God for redeeming their souls with the blood of Thomas, their Archbishop. Through these lines, Eliot is comparing the murder of Thomas Beckett to the death of Jesus Christ on the cross, saying that both died to save the souls of those around them. Finally, the Woman of Canterbury seek contrition, pleading, “Forgive us, O Lord, we acknowledge ourselves as type of the common man, of the men and women who shut the door and sit by the fire.” On one level, they ask forgiveness for standing by and doing nothing to prevent Beckett’s death, for they are just common men. If read more deeply however, they return to the Christ like image of Beckett. The common men ask for forgiveness, for like Peter, they “sat by the fire” and denied their Lord. Just as Peter allowed Christ to die, so the Women of Canterbury allowed Thomas Beckett to die.

The seven choral odes in T.S. Eliot’s Murder in the Cathedral tell the story of the common man’s view of the events that occurred during that fateful December of 1170 in Canterbury. Through foreshadowing and interesting use of language, T.S. Eliot crafts the Chorus to be one of, if not the most fascinating character found within the whole play. Their unique perspective on Thomas Beckett’s murder truly makes Murder in the Cathedral one of the greatest plays of the 20th Century.

More at:

http://blurbshare.com/

The Most Important Japanese Lesson Yet!

Public transportation is big in Japan. You’ll probably need to catch a bus at some point. So, you will want to ask questions such as, “is this bus bound for Tokyo?” You’ll probably also need to tell people things such as, “I need to get off the train at Nagano station.” Phrases and questions like these are the key to getting around in Japan.

This Beginner Japanese article is here to help you! You will learn how to ask and answer questions about where you are trying to go. Ask Kono basu wa Tokyo-iki desu? (“Is this bus bound for Tokyo?”) and similar questions in Japanese. This Japanese article is the key to getting where you are headed!

Vocabulary: In this article, you’ll learn the following words and phrases:

waza waza – “taking so much trouble”

agaru – “to enter, to come up” (class 1 verb)

kaeru – “to go back” (class 1 verb)

yuuhan – “evening meal”

ekimae – “in front of the station”

umai – “delicious, tasty” (-i ending adjective)

uisukii – “whiskey”

koori – “ice”

hantai – “opposite”

kansha – “thanks, gratitude”

shoojiki – “honestly, honest”

betsu – “different, another”

Grammar: In this article, you’ll learn the following words and phrases:

Useful Vocabulary and Phrases

yuuhan “supper, evening meal”

There are several words meaning “supper” in Japanese:

yuu-gohan

ban-gohan

yuu-shoku

yuuhan

yumeshi (very informal and sounds masculine)

banmeshi (very informal and sounds masculine)

Please also review “breakfast” and “lunch:”

Breakfast:

asa-go-han

choo-shoku

asa-meshi (very informal and sounds masculine)

Lunch:

o-hiru-go-han

hiru-go-han

o-hiru

hiru

chuu-shoku

hiru-meshi (very informal and sounds masculine)

hantai “opposition”

When we add -suru or o suru , it becomes a verb meaning “to oppose.” The opposite word is sansei, which means “approval.” The particle ni follows the object one opposes or agrees with.

Example

Musume no kekkon ni hantai suru.

“I’m opposed to my daughter’s marriage.”

Today’s Target Phrase

Tokyo ni kaetta.

“She went back to Tokyo.

The verb conjugations that make the –ta form of a verb, or the plain past form of a verb, are today’s grammar point. The formation of the plain past form is quite simple: change the final sound of the –te form from –te to –ta.

-ta Form of Verbs

  1. Conjugate a verb to the –te form. SEE Beginner Series Season 4, Articles 19, 20, 21, and 22 for more details.
  2. Drop the -te and add –ta

“English” / Dictionary Form / Te Form / Ta Form

“to buy” / kau / katte / katta

“to write” / kaku / kaite / kaita

“to speak” / hanasu / hanashite / hanashita

“to wait” / matsu / matte / matta

“to die” / shinu / shinde / shinda

“to drink” / nomu / nonde / nonda

“to make” / tsukuru / tsukutte / tsukutta

“to swim” / oyogu / oyoide / oyoida

“to invite” / yobu / yonde / yonda

“to go” / iku / itte / itta

“to eat” / taberu / tabete / tabeta

“to return” / kaeru / kaette / kaetta

“to do” / suru / shite / shita

“to come” / kuru / kite / kita

Formal Speech and Informal Speech

Politeness Level / Formal Speech / Informal SpeechNon-Past Affirmative / Watashi wa Tokyo ni kaerimasu. / Watashi wa Tokyo ni kaeru.

Non-Past Negative / Watashi wa Tokyo ni kaerimasen. / Watashi wa Tokyo ni kaeranai.

Past Affirmative/ Miu wa Tokyo ni kaerimashita. / Miu wa Tokyo ni kaetta.

Past Negative / Miu wa Tokyo ni kaerimasen deshita. / Miu wa Tokyo ni kaeranakatta.

Notes:

*Non-past dictionary form of a verb: See Nihongo Doojoo, “Style You and Beyond, Articles 19, 20, 21, and 22,” for more details.

*Non-polite past form of a verb: See Beginner Season 4 Article 23 for more details.

*Please note thatthe non-past plain negative form of a verb conjugates as -i ending adjectives to get the past form. Change the final -i to katta.

For Example:

  1. kaeranai becomes keranakatta
  2. minai becomes minakatta

This grammar point hasn’t been explained in the Nihongo Doojoo series yet.

Practice 1:

Fill in the blanks to complete the chart.

Class 1 Verbs

“English” / Dictionary Form / Plain Negative Form / -Te Form / -Ta Form

“to listen” / kiku / kikanai / kiite / kiita

“to lend” / —- / kasanai / kashite / —-

“to wait” / matsu / —- / —- / —-

“to read” / —- / yomanai / —- / —-

“to understand” / —- / —- / wakatte / —-

“to go” / iku / —- / itte / —-

“to say” / iku / iwanai / itte / —-

“to meet” / au / —- / —- / —-

Class 2 Verbs

“English” / Dictionary Form / Plain Negative Form / -Te Form / -Ta Form

“to sleep” / neru / nenai / nete / —-

“to look” / miru / —- / —- / —-

Class 3 Verbs

“English” / Dictionary Form / Plain Negative Form / -Te Form / -Ta Form

“to do” / —- / —- / shite / —-

“to come” / kuru / —- / kite / —-

Practice 2:

Change the formal speech to casual speech.

  1. Terebi o mimashita.
  2. Yhan o tabemashita.
  3. Nihon-go o benky shimashita.
  4. Kin Nihon ni kimashita.
  5. Wakarimashita.
  6. Mizu o nomimashita.
  7. Takush de ikimashita.  

Building On A Difficult Terrain

Adjusting the house to the landscape is the first task to be solved when building on difficult terrain. If your block of land has slopes up to 20% – it’s rather regular terrain. The difficulties start to appear on slopes that are steeper than that.

Main problems can be divided into 3 categories:

1) Some additional research to determine the danger of soil slipping down should be done

2) The foundations and plumbing will require some additional work

3) Some additional work to level the soil might be necessary

And of course any of above translates into additional expenses.

If the allotment is in a real danger of soil slip, for example the soil has a steep rocky slope underneath and gets lots of rainfall or has ground water – it makes no sense to build on it.

However, if that’s not the case, then building on steep slope might produce very interesting outcome. History has many examples of people, who had to deal with difficult conditions, created the most magnificent structures, some of which we can still see in these days. They include the Machu Picchu city in Peru, great castles of Europe, Svan’s watchtowers in high mountains of Georgia, and fort Metsada in Israel.

To make the idea of building on difficult terrain a reality, several things need to fall together:

1) The wish to build on this particular block of land and the ability to finance the process

2) A talented architect and engineer who can fit the house into the relief while making it secure, safe and sound

3) Qualified builders who can implement everything according to the plans

So what are the advantages of building on a slope? First, nothing compares to the panoramic view from your terrace. Also, it is possible to create several levels: the garage on the upper level, the bedrooms and living areas below and the back yard and garden on the lowest level. The best thing about this setting is that the road and the driveway – with all the noise and the dust – are left on top, while the house is located below. More of the house is now exposed to the sun light. The garden can have many picturesque features such as little terraces, steps, miniature walls, cozy spots.

The whole presence of the house is improved, as this   unique  facade is created. The interior of the house benefit from larger windows and various open staircases, they look “weightless” and mix in harmony with the nature.

Another issue to address is the soundness of the house built on a slope. In many ways it depends on the soil underneath the foundations. If the soil is mostly sand or mud, then it makes sense to create terraced foundations, made of concrete bands and retaining walls, anchored in the soil.

If the foundations are to be built on rocks, concrete piles are better. The necessary diameter of a pile for 2 -3 level house is 35 – 40 cm, the depth is 8 to 10 meters. A reinforcing cage is installed in the borehole, which is later filled with concrete. The maximal load is to be defined by the engineer. All of the above methods are intended for brick and concrete houses. The foundations are much simpler to make for lighter houses.

Steep slopes are not the only kind of difficult terrain. One of the world-famous masterpieces – Frank Lloyd Wright’s “Fallingwater” – is a house built on top of a cliff with a waterfall rushing underneath. Its multilevel terraces are floating above the waterfall in the air filled with freshness of a creek. Buildings that are so much in harmony with the nature around are usually well-planned and well-built ones.

Another example of such building is the famous Sydney Opera house – a caravel with wind-filled sails in the open ocean. However, the story of those sails has no happy ending: the author of the project that won a contest, architect Jorn Utzon, originally intended for the construction to look similar to wind-filled sails. Unfortunately, the calculations and the construction couldn’t be done according his project, which is why the current looks of the Opera House, is very different from the way it meant to be.