Benefits of Gaming – PC and Video Games

New PC and video games are not only capable of providing fun and excitement for everyone, but they can also give certain benefits and advantages.

With the help of advanced technology and popularity, the gaming industry has advanced and expanded rapidly over the years.

If we are looking for categorization of videos games, they are broadly divided into eight major categories:

Action

These are fast paced and may contain a large amount of violence due to this. Action games are usually inappropriate for children. Such games fall under the category “M” (mature-rated). Examples are Halo, Star Wars, Jedi Knight and Enter the Matrix.

Adventure and Role Playing

These are normally not as graphic as action games and can take the player into surrealism and fantasy. Though adventure and role-playing games often contain violence, it is not found to be as intense as the violence in action games. Examples of this category are Borderlands 2, Final Fantasy, Legend of Mana and Billy Hatcher.

First Person Shooters

As the name implies, it is a game in which the player sees the action through the eyes of the character he is representing and involves the use of pistols or rifles to kill the enemy. Due to the violence involved in this genre of games, they are not suitable for young children. Examples of these games are “Half-Life, “Half-Life 2”, “Call of Duty: Modern Warfare” and so on.

Construction and Management Simulation (CMS)

As the name suggests, in the games belonging to this genre, the players are expected to build, expand and manage imaginary projects and communities with very little resources. Examples of this genre include, “SimCity” and “Harvest Moon”.

Strategy

Here the accent is on strategy rather than on violence and these games are slower which gives the player time for strategic thinking, resource management and planning to achieve victory. Most are warfare based and so violence is not completely absent. These games are not suitable for children. Some examples are Advanced Wars I & II, Civilization V and Crusader Kings II.

Simulation

These are video or computer games that simulate real world situations under game settings. In this category, the three well-known games are Racing Simulators, Flight Simulators and Sims. There are lots of games in this class to entertain children. Some examples of simulation games are: Football Manager, Farming Simulator 2013, The Sims and Evil Genius.

Platformer

The Platform Game or Platformer is consists of jumping between suspended platforms of varying heights or obstacles and sometimes both to move forward in the game. Some examples of Platformer are 40 Winks, Abuse, Action 52 and Adventure Island.

PUZZLES

Puzzle video games are a class of games that require puzzle solving. The kinds of puzzles that need to be solved can involve many problem solving skills such as using logic, word completion sequence solving, strategy and pattern recognition. Some examples of Puzzle Video Games are Mario, Bejeweled 3, Cradle of Rome 2 and Hidden Objects.

While on the subject, let’s not forget Sports games such as NHL 13, and FIFA Soccer 13 and Arcade games such Chicken Shoot 1, Toy Story Mania and Angry Birds to name a few.

Nowadays, video games are enjoyed by a wide cross-section of our society, from toddlers to grandparents and these have been accepted by everyone as a good manner of entertainment and seen to be better than watching TV as it requires the viewer’s participation and interaction.

The general feeling is that video games do not provide any benefits to the player and especially so in the case of children.

Contrary to this belief, there are many benefits in allowing children to play certain types of games. Most important of these benefits is the development of:

· Cognitive thinking skills

· Fine motor skills

· Real-time decision-making abilities

· Hand-eye coordination

· Cooperative playing skills

Keeping video games out of the reach of children can only deprive them of these benefits.

A child’s imagination can be stimulated through role-playing and adventure games. Even if some of these games can seem tasteless due to its graphic nature and violence, they can play a positive and important role in a child’s development by promoting teamwork, building confidence and improving motor skills. Playing such video games will only provide a child with a healthy means of expression.

Certain video games are believed to teach children high level thinking skills which they would benefit from in the future.

Now that we have looked at the benefits for children, let’s look at what benefits video games hold for the rest of us.

Research into the pros and cons of video games are being conducted by various bodies including universities in some parts of the world and the result is that the pros outweigh the cons in respect of benefits.

When playing video games, you would need to react quickly and take split second decisions in order to succeed in the given task. It is believed that this kind of practice would provide benefits in real life where you would be able react with speed and take quick decisions.

Brain scientists have discovered that a certain driving video game, created by a research and development team at the University of California in San Francisco could improve the short-term memory and long-term focus of older adults.

It was found that immersion in a game distracts the mind from pain and discomfort. Due to this reason, some hospitals have started to suggest that children and others undergoing painful treatments play games to reduce their distress and anxiety.

Some video games have provided improvement in “Cognitive Flexibility”, which is the ability to switch quickly from one task to another.

Researchers from North Carolina State University found a link between playing video games and mental well-being among the elderly. They found that those citizens who played video games, even occasionally, experienced a state of well- being and happiness.

Gaming can also improve family relationships, as some of these games can and should be played together.

According to some studies conducted at the University of Rochester, people playing certain titles of video games have shown improvements in tests in the following areas:

• Multitasking

• Attention

• Accuracy

• Vision

The only thing a video game player or his or her family needs to ensure is that it does not become addictive in any way. A video game player shouldn’t end up spending hours on end playing games and losing track of time and place and while neglecting duties, personal chores and responsibilities.

Another thing that the parents of minors need to ensure is that their kids get access only to educational or similar games which are suitable for their age group and the good news is that there’s a huge selection of games available that are appropriate for all ages.

A video game content rating is a system is available in many countries and they are used to classify video games into suitability-related age groups with respect to its contents which, if followed, will help to limit the negative aspects of some of the games.

Finally, if video game players are able to play in moderation, and stick only to the categories of games suitable for their respective ages, they can derive a number of benefits as cited above.

3 Companies With Huge IT Departments

Information technology is a necessity in today’s market place, and not only large companies benefit from using an IT department, but smaller businesses often do as well. Anytime computers and networking is used, there is going to be a need for personnel that is capable of managing all the information required to run that business. Large corporations typically have their own staff of IT professionals running the show, but some smaller ones even outsource their information technology needs.

As you might expect, some of the most well-known companies around the world make use of IT departments to keep all information pertaining to the company in a convenient form so that it is ready at a moments notice. Information such as employee benefits, their payroll check creation and more are managed by IT departments. You sill recognize many of the names of companies that regularly use information technology.

Walmart is one large corporation that must use the resources which are provided by information technology departments. This corporation operates worldwide and that means having a great IT department is essential if all the information going in and out is going to be up to the company’s standards. With hundreds of stores located all over the world, it would be nearly impossible to keep up with each if it were not for the interconnection between all of the stores and corporate offices.

The same is true when you are taking a look at the clothing store giant, JCPenney. This corporation also has more than a thousand stores operating in all 50 states as well as Puerto Rico. It also keeps track of everything going on in its stores through the use of its own unique IT department. IT departments are in charge of all kinds of information going in and out of corporate headquarters including advertising campaigns. If it were up to the individual stores to create all their own campaigns through the computer networks within their specific organizations everything about JCPenney would change.

Another large corporation that utilizes IT department staff to keep everything running smoothly is Target. This is another giant in the industry that employs thousands of individuals throughout the nation. The only way to track all the information located within the corporation is through information technology.

As a general rule, these corporations have their own information technology departments staffed by their specially trained employees. However, there is no reason that any of them could not make use of outsourcing this important part of doing business if they simply had no other choice.

4 Types Of Text Messages You Can Send To Build Emotional Rapport With Your Ex

When used properly text messages can be a powerful tool to help you get your ex back after a breakup. Texting is private, personal, safe, intimate, and simple.

Chances are you and your ex are already very familiar with sending text messages back and forth. Therefore, the idea of being able to push a few buttons and build emotional rapport with him or her should appeal to you.

Through emotional texting you can lay your heart on the line and tell your ex how you truly feel about them. No excuses. No lies. No fighting. Just speaking from your heart to establish the emotional connection needed to bring you back together.

If you’re a guy reading this, then you’re probably already zoning out after hearing the words “emotion” and “speaking from your heart”. This isn’t stuff that comes naturally for most men. But it’s probably even more effective for men because most women love when a guy opens up and says how he truly feels.

Keep in mind, these aren’t the types of texts you’ll want to send immediately after a breakup. They shouldn’t be used until you’ve re-opened the lines of communication with your ex, established a connection by helping them remember the good times you used to share, validated their feelings, and got them thinking about you in a positive way.

Once you’ve completed the steps above and are ready to speak your heart, here are 4 types of texts you can send to build emotional rapport with your ex.

1.) Compliment Texts

Compliment texts are exactly what they sound like. They are random compliments you give your ex through the text messages you send. You shouldn’t make a big deal of them. Just let them slip into the conversation naturally.

For example, “Your smile caught my attention the very first time I ever saw you. It’s something I’ve always loved about you.”

2.) “What I Miss About Us” Texts

These types of texts are pretty straight forward too. You are simply reminding your ex what you miss about the relationship.

For example, “One thing I really miss is how you used to wrap your arms around me so tight whenever I’d get scared while we were watching a scary movie. It made me feel so safe.”

3.) Appreciation Texts

Most of us don’t do a very good job of appreciating our partner in a relationship. With appreciation texts you tell your ex what you like and appreciate about them.

For example, “One thing I’ve always loved about you is how you’re willing to drop whatever you’re doing to help anyone who needs it. You’re a special kind of person and I’m really glad you’re in my life.”

4.) “How I Feel About You” Texts

These types of texts need to be positive and confident and should never be needy. They take some practice to get right, but once you do they can become an extremely powerful ally in helping you get your ex back.

Here’s an example: “It’s funny, but it still makes my body tingle whenever I smell your cologne. It always makes me smile and I feel safe. You’ll always be important to me.”

42 Thinking Skills You Can Learn From Doing Jigsaw Puzzles

Jigsaw puzzles are a one-stop cognitive development and character-building activity. There are few educational experiences that have the potential to teach such a varied range of thinking skills, as well as other useful skills such as patience and perseverance. Learning these skills can benefit you at any stage of your life. For example, jigsaw puzzles can teach you:

  • Problem-solving strategies
  • Project management skills
  • Self-management skills
  • Visual skills
  • Cognitive skills
  • Character development skills and traits
  • Tactile skills
  • Social skills
  • Collaborative skills

Jigsaw puzzles are cheap and easy to obtain, you only need a small space to do them and very little can go wrong, provided that you don’t lose pieces or let the dog chew them. If you are a parent or a teacher, you can follow some simple steps to help your children or students gain confidence in a range of skills that will benefit them in many areas of their learning. The key to this is transferability. This article explains what it is and how you can use it.

The educational value of doing a jigsaw puzzle is twofold: first, by building up a base of useful individual skills; secondly, by transferring these skills to other situations where they can be applied to solve new problems. A lot of research has been done into the transfer of learning from one situation to another. This is one of the key aims of all learning. If you wish to do some in-depth reading on the topic, go to Google and search for “transferable skills.”

So, what is transferability? A simple example is learning how to hammer a nail into a piece of wood. Imagine if you could only use one length of nail and one size hammer to knock it into one type of material, e.g. wood. This wouldn’t be very useful to you, because the skill is not transferable to other situations. You’d have to learn a new skill every time you wanted to use a hammer in a different situation. However, if you knew that you could use any size hammer with any size nail and almost any type of material, it would be far more useful to you as a skill. Even better, if you knew that you could use the skill on the ground, in the air or on a boat or in a hundred other places, it would be more useful still. This simple example demonstrates what transferability is: knowing how to apply a skill in new situations.

How do you transfer the skills you are learning by doing a jigsaw puzzle to other situations? All you need to do is follow a three-step process. The skill you are using needs to be:

a. Identified,

b. Understood as a process, and

c. Applied to new situations.

But, before you rush off to do a jigsaw puzzle in the hope that you will become a super problem-solver, there are a few tips that will help to make the experience more beneficial. As you do your puzzle, you need to be consciously aware of what you are doing and be able to articulate the process as you do it.

This means that as you do the puzzle, you need to be aware of your own self-talk, i.e. what you say to yourself as you engage in doing the puzzle. An example of this could be: “I’m using my organisational skills to sort the pieces of the puzzle into straight edges and inner pieces.” This skill could be used later on when you do your washing, where you could say: “I’m using my organisational skills to sort the washing into dark and light colours.” At a higher level, you could say, “I’m organising my staff into skill levels so that we can complete the project in the most efficient way.”

In this article I have isolated 42 skills that can be developed through doing jigsaw puzzles, but there are probably a whole lot more. Write to me if you find some more and I’ll update the article. The beauty of jigsaw puzzles is that they start at a very simple level and go up to diabolically difficult challenge levels, such as the Clementoni puzzles which have over 13000 pieces. For those of you who are more adventurous, there are also 3-D puzzles and puzzles with other challenging features. Visit your local toy shop to see the range of puzzle challenges that are available.

It is useful to set a reasonable goal by starting where you’re comfortable and progressing from there to more challenging puzzles. As you do the puzzle, remember to note the skill you’re using. Developing this self-talk will help you to apply or transfer the skill to new situations.

Here are the skills that you can learn as you do your puzzle, as well as possible self-talk that could go with them. The skills are listed in alphabetical order. The final part of this article has suggestions for the type of self-talk you could use to apply the skills you have learned to new situations.

Affirmation for small achievements, e.g. fitting a piece correctly: “I feel great that I achieved that goal.”

Analysis: “I’ve broken the puzzle into all of its parts and now I understand how it will fit together.”

Arranging: “I’m arranging these pieces into an order that will help me work more efficiently.”

Attention to detail: “This colour is not the same as that colour, so this piece must go somewhere else.”

Categorising: “I’ve organised all of these pieces into their colours.”

Collaboration: “This area is very challenging, so we need to work together to solve it.”

Comparison: “This shape will fit into this space. This piece is too big to fit into that space.”

Comprehension: “I understand the picture, so I can do this section.”

Concentration: “I’m concentrating on the size, edges, shapes and colours of these pieces to see how they go together.”

Contrast: “Are these colours/shapes the same or are they different?”

Creativity (different ways of identifying puzzle pieces): “This piece is too difficult to identify by colour, so I’ll compare the shapes of the edges.”

Decision-making: “All of these pieces will form that part of the picture.”

Ever-increasing challenges (fewer pieces to many pieces): “I did a 100- piece puzzle last time. This time I’ll go for a 200-piece puzzle.”

Eye-hand co-ordination (fine motor control): “These pieces are very small, so I have to be dextrous to manipulate them into their correct spaces.”

Flexibility (work on different areas): “I’ve tried this area for a while without too much success. I’ll try another area for a while.”

Formulating questions: “How do these pieces fit together? Does this colour match with that colour?”

Goal-setting: “I’ll finish this puzzle in one week.”

Helpful (prompt a person, don’t give the answer): “Have you tried one of these pieces there?” “Try that piece the other way around.”

Hypothesizing: “This piece can’t go here, so it must go here. Let’s try here first.” “If that piece goes here, this piece must go there.”

Learning about picture content for discussion and language development: “I can see three green trees next to a blue river.”

Memory retention: “I tried this piece here before, so it won’t fit.”

Obtaining feedback on your decisions: “Oops! Wrong choice. I can see that doesn’t fit.”

Organisation: “All of these pieces go in that area, and all of those pieces go in this area.”

Overcoming distractions, strengthening concentration:” It’s a bit noisy in here with the television set on, but I’ll concentrate harder to complete the puzzle.”

Patience: “I have only found one piece that fits in the past fifteen minutes. Never mind, I’ll keep trying.”

Perseverence: “I’m going to stay here until I finish this puzzle.”

Planning: “I’ll do this area first, then I’ll look for the corner pieces, then I’ll complete that area.”

Planning work sessions and breaks: “I feel tired, so I’ll work for half an hour, have a break, then I’ll do some more.”

Prioritising: “I’ll do this difficult area first, then I’ll do that area which is a little easier.”

Problem-solving: “This whole puzzle is a problem I need to solve. Finding edges is a problem I can solve. Sorting the pieces into colour groups is a problem I can solve.”

Procedures: “I can choose which order I prefer to work in. I can do this before I do that.”

Process of elimination:” I’ll try these pieces in this area. If they fit, the puzzle will be a lot easier to solve from this point onwards.”

Reasoning, by justifying your choices of shape or colour: “These pieces go here because the colours match, but those pieces don’t go here. The colours are slightly darker.”

Reviewing: “So far I’ve completed this area and I only have five more pieces to fit before I move on to the next area.”

Self-reflection (learning from errors): “I’m feeling a bit annoyed. Why am I taking so long to complete this area?”

Sense of adventure: “This puzzle might be too difficult for me, but I’ll try anyway. What have I got to lose?”

Sequence: “This is a logical order of work. I’ll do this area, then I’ll do that area. After that, I’ll complete this edge.”

Sharing behaviour: “Let’s work on this area together. I’ll help you find your pieces if you help me find mine.”

Social interaction: I’m enjoying doing this puzzle with you. We’re a great team.”

Spatial orientation skills: “If I rotate this in my mind, I can see it doesn’t fit here. It fits there.”

Stop to enjoy, appreciate and admire the picture: “What a beautiful scene of a French vineyard.”

Trial and error process: “One of these nine pieces will fit here. I’ll try them all, even though it will take some time.”

Now that you know a range of skills that you can use, as well as examples of the self-talk that will help you understand the process you are using, it is time to do a puzzle. Print this article and keep it with you as you do it. Refer to it often to identify skills as well as practise the self-talk patterns.

When you have used these skills and are familiar with them, you will be ready to transfer them to new problem-solving situations. When you face a problem-solving challenge at home or at work, stand back for a moment and ask yourself:

· What skill that I used in the puzzle can I use here?

Use the same self-talk patterns to apply the skill to the new situation. Let’s use the example of having a flat tyre on your car. Perhaps you’ve never changed a tire before. What could you say to yourself?

“What skill that I used in the puzzle can I use here?”

“What sequence of actions do I need in order to accomplish this task?”

“I need to concentrate to complete this task in time.”

Finally, one extra thing needs to be said. You have to provide the motivation to learn the skills and apply them to new situations as part of your own personal problem-solving strategy. If you don’t apply your skills to new situations, perhaps the washing won’t get done or the tyre won’t get changed. The application stage is the most important one if you hope to become a better thinker.

Now you are ready to try solving some real-life problems with these skills. Happy puzzling and happy problem-solving.

Greeting Card and its Importance

A Greeting card is just a small piece of paper printed or hand painted or handcrafted with printed or handwritten message to convey your feelings to someone. Nowadays there are so many ways we can express ourselves, our feelings to someone such as a SMS, an email massage, an ecard, a fax message or just a telephone/cell phone. But still Greeting Cards are being used for this purpose. Some people think to such an extent that why to spend money and time in purchasing and sending a greeting card, instead why not send a SMS, so cheap and time saving option!!!

Nowadays what matters in every field is the presentation. Greetings card is also one of the means of presenting your feelings. I would say that the Greetings card is an esthetic looking packing of your feelings/expressions so that the recipient feels delighted and honoured.

Hence Greeting cards can be used for almost all occasions, only thing that you should select the right card, appropriate color, design or picture along with the printed message or your own handwritten massage, which will reveal your affection. As Greeting cards are for many reasons, occasions and hence there are many types of Greeting Cards available in the market:

  1. Birthday card
  2. New year card
  3. Anniversary card
  4. Thank you card
  5. Thinking of you card
  6. Sorry card
  7. Best wishes card
  8. Good Luck card
  9. Get well card
  10. Flower card
  11. Congratulations card
  12. Engagement card
  13. New baby card
  14. I Love you card
  15. Valentines day card
  16. Christmas card
  17. Dipavali card
  18. Diwali card
  19. Navratri card
  20. Ugadi card (Hindu New Year card)
  21. Gudhipadawa card (Hindu New Year card)
  22. Sankranti card
  23. Mothers day card
  24. Fathers day card
  25. Congratulation card and so on.

Hallmark Cards and American Greetings are the largest producers of greeting cards in the world. In the United Kingdom, it is estimated that one billion pounds are spent on greeting cards every year, with the average person sending 55 cards per year.

In the United States, many adults traditionally mail Christmas cards to their friends and relatives in December. Many service businesses also send cards to their customers in this season, usually with a universally acceptable non-religious message such as “happy holidays” or “seasons’s greetings.

The Historians say the custom of sending greeting cards is started by to the ancient Chinese who exchanged messages of good will to celebrate the New Year. Egyptians in ancient times conveyed their greetings on papyrus scrolls. By the early 1400s, handmade paper greeting cards were being exchanged in Europe. The Germans are known to have printed New Year’s greetings from woodcuts as early as 1400, and handmade paper Valentines were being exchanged in various parts of Europe in the early to mid-1400s.

By the 1850s, the greeting card had been transformed from a relatively expensive, handmade and hand-delivered gift to a popular and affordable means of personal communication. Thanks to new advances in printing and mechanization. This was followed by new trends like Christmas cards, the first of which appeared in published form in London in 1843 when Sir Henry Cole hired artist John Calcott Horsley to design a holiday card that he could send to his friends and acquaintances. In the 1860s, companies like Marcus Ward & Co, Goodall and Charles Bennett began the mass production of greeting cards. They employed well-known artists such as Kate Greenaway and Walter Crane as illustrators and card designers.

There are two major categories of greeting cards, one is mass produced ( printed on offset printing machines etc.) and other is handmade greeting cards. Hand painted greeting cards is also a separate category of greeting cards. These cards are also available but this type of cards can not be mass- produced as each card has to be individually painted. So every hand painted card is unique.

IPv4 Vs IPv6 (Advantages and Disadvantages)

We can see the rapid growth of internet users in last few years and this increase also create challenges for internet management groups, stake holders and service providers. Day by day infrastructure of internet is expanding and we can even enjoy the service of internet in villages and remote areas. Increased of usage also increase online devices. In start internet protocol addressing (a specific IP addressing for each online entity) was designed on 32 bit and this scheme IP version called IPv4.IPv4 addressing is like 203.128.076.001. decimal is used to make the IPv4 addresses more palatable for humans and a 32-bit address becomes 4 decimal numbers separated by the period (.) character. If we calculate these decimal values and we can get the total number of devices can be participate on this protocol (256x256x256x256) = allows for 4,294,967,296 addresses. It is about 4 billion of addresses and in early days of internet no one can think, 4 billion slot will be full. here we shall discus some disadvantages of IPv4 as we have seen addressing capability problem and after that we shall go through the solution which will replace IPv4 and addressing structure of the new addressing scheme. we shall go through some disadvantages of IPv4 and new features of IPv6.

Rapid Growth of the Internet and the Exhaustion of the IPv4 Addressing

IPv4 allows for 4,294,967,296 addresses which is about 4 billion and IP allocation limits the public IP addresses to a few hundred million. Cause of this limitation companies using NAT (Network Address Translator) to map single public IP to multiple private IP addresses.

IPv4 Security at IP Level

When we communicate at public medium we need to encrypt data to maintain security and privacy. After a passage of time we have now security for IPv4 packets. This security knows as internet protocol security or IPSec but this is an optional for IPv4.

Internet Backbone Maintaining Large Routing Tables

In IPv4 network IDs allocation is very critical and currently more than 87000 routes in the routing tables of internet backbone routers today. The routing infrastructure is based on flat and hierarchical routing.

Quality of Service Concern in IPv4

Now a days internet users are not only limited with browsing and searching data. Current users are well aware of text and voice and video chat and video conferences and online video libraries. This kind of communication need real time data transfer for quality of service. Normally for these kind of services we use UDP (User Data-gram Protocol) or TCP (Transmission Control Protocol).IPv4 TOS field has limited functionality and, over time, has been redefined and locally interpreted. Additionally, payload identification that uses a TCP or UDP port is not possible when the IPv4 packet payload is encrypted.

IPv6

As we can see we have some basic problems in practice of IPv4 now we will check some new features of IPv6. here I like to describe the some of basic features of IPv6. Deployment of IPv6 is a big challenge for internet management groups, stake holders and service providers. It is difficult but not impossible. We can see benefits of IPv6 here. Biggest upgrade jump from IPv4 32 bit to IPv6 128 bit.

IPv6 Header Format

New header is designed to minimize header overhead. by moving both nonessential and optional fields to extension headers that are placed after the IPv6 header. IPv6 header is more efficiently processed at intermediate routers and that generates efficiency. IPv6 is 4 time larger than IPv4 and its header size is twice than older version.

IPv6 Large Addressing Space

In IPv6 source and destination addresses is based on 128 bit. 128 bit addressing can produce over 3.4 x 1038 possible combinations. Currently we can say this is enough but who know about future may be it also face same problem like IPv4 after some decades. 128 bit addressing allow us multiple levels of sub-netting and address allocation. So we can say that we have plenty of address for use in future.

Addressing and Routing Infrastructure Efficiency in IPv6

IPv6 designed to create an efficient, hierarchical, and summarize able routing infrastructure that is based on the common occurrence of multiple levels of Internet Service Providers. It reduce the size of routing table of backbone routers. Which is can cause of efficient internet experience.

Security features is now built-in

IPv6 has been design to support IPsec (AH and ESP header support required) also support mobility version Mobile IPv6. IPSec based on two types of extension headers and a protocol to negotiate security settings. The Authentication header (AH) provides data integrity, data authentication, and replay protection for the entire IPv6 packet. It is better form developers who built-in security features in development of IPv6 rather we bolt on later.

Quality of Service (QoS) of IPv6

As we have already seen about the UDP and TCP protocols for streaming and other multimedia services on internet. Cause the usage of these services are increasing day by day IPv6 have a flow level field in its header which make better and special handling for packets from source to destination. Data traffic is identified in the IPv6 header, support for QoS can be achieved even when the packet payload is encrypted with IPSec and ESP.

Wilt Chamberlain – Track and Field at the University of Kansas (KU) In Addition to Basketball

Wilt Chamberlain is best known by sports fans as one of the most dominant basketball players of all time. To people less familiar with sports and basketball specifically the name Wilt Chamberlain might have a familiar sound because of his much publicized personal life. What many people do not realize is that before basketball became the focus of his life the first sport that Wilt fell in love with was track and field.

Chamberlain was born on August 21, 1936 and grew up in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania where he had eight brothers and sisters that all came from the same parents of father William and mother Olivia. As a youth growing up in eastern Pennsylvania Wilt famously stated that his first reaction to the game of basketball was that he considered it to be “a game for sissies.” The sport that the young Wilt Chamberlain was exponentially more passionate about was track and field.

Before even reaching high school age the freakishly athletic Wilt Chamberlain is reported to have high jumped 6’6″ which is a mark that would win most high school varsity track meets. Around the same time Wilt was also putting up ridiculously impressive broad jump numbers that are understood to be as far as 22 feet. For comparison purposes almost all high school track athletes can not reach 22 feet in a running long jump and Wit is reported to have reached that length from a stationary standing broad jump position. The high jumping and broad jumping talents are perhaps to be expected considering what the public now knows about his success on the basketball court, however the track and field prowess that Wilt showed was not confined to jumping events.

Thanks to the long strides and powerful running style that Chamberlain employed he was a miraculous middle distance runner as his preteen times of 49 seconds in the 440 yard race (once around a standard track) and under two minutes in the 880 yard distance (twice around a standard track) are exceptional numbers for even a college athlete. Chamberlain excelled at every aspect of track and field including running, jumping, and throwing. He is reported to have tossed a shot put over 53 feet in his youth.

Chamberlain matured very quickly and continued to grow at a rapid pace. At the age of 10 the young man was already 6′ tall and when he started high school he was an astounding 6’11”. As a 7’2″ college freshmen playing basketball at the University of Kansas (commonly referred to as KU) the 240 pound Chamberlain could reach 9’6″ into the air just standing flat footed (no tip toes).

Wilt took up his first love of track and field at the University of Kansas in Lawrence, Kansas while also playing basketball there. The 7’2″ goliath ran a sub 11 second 100 yard dash and also threw the shot put 56 feet. Despite competing and excelling in both sprinting and throwing his best events were not surprisingly the jumping events as Chamberlain triple jumped in excess of 50 feet and successfully won the Big 8 Conference high jumping competition three years in a row. In the world of track and field it is an extraordinarily rare athlete that can compete at the highest level in the shortest sprints, all the jumping events, and the throwing events. This dynamic collection of talents is so rare in fact that Wilt might be the only man ever to possess this unique skill set.

Gadgets And Their Importance In Our Life

Gadgets are electronically simplified applications that make work easy. They play a significant role in the common man’s life and we have grown so used to it that it becomes very difficult for us to think of daily life chores in the absence of gadgets. Ranging from a washing machine, a chimney or an electric hub, the churner or simply the television set; gadgets have invaded each and every part of our life and have proved themselves to be useful.

Gadgets and their importance

1. Gadgets increase our efficiency. Before the invention of the telephone or the more recent e-mails, sending messages and letters would take days to reach its destination. The soft wares used for application in the internet and the telecommunication are nothing but technical gadgets. These gadgets actually have increased human productivity in terms of work and made the world a better place to live in.

2. A gadget brings joy to the family. With the advent of web-cam and other video accessories, staying away from family and friends is no longer painful. These gadgets can make distant things come near and makes human accessibility very easy.

3. Gadgets make things compact- Take the example of a Swiss Army knife. It can be used as a spoon, knife, twizzer, bottle opener, fork etc. In a single gadget a user can get the function of more than one product.

4. They help in saving space. Initially in the early years of telecommunication the wired handsets could be positioned at a prescribed position only for connectivity. With advent in technology, mobiles were invented that allowed users the freedom to access calls when moving around. With a blackberry one can also avail internet facilities when moving around.

5. Gadgets are fun! iPods, music systems, video games, DVD and most important of all the popular idiot box of ours-“TV” need no introduction as to how enjoyable have they made our lives. These technical gadgets have the power to make us smile by having access to our emotions and needs. They are instruments that can ward off the feelings of loneliness. They are so fun that it actually becomes very essential to integrate them with our lives.

So, gadgets not only make our lives easier but also save our money and precious time. Buying a single gadget will give us the functions of many. This makes gadgets cheap and affordable. It can therefore be concluded that gadgets are not only important because they make our lives easy but also because we can play with them.

Benefits Of Using A Maid Service

These days it seems that everyone is so busy with working, taking care of kids, running kids back and forth to sports games and extra curricular activities that there is no time left to clean the house. If your house is a mess because you just don’t have time to clean it or just don’t want to clean it then maybe you should call a maid service.

A maid service will send as many maids as you need to your home to get it clean and keep it clean. The cleaning services are there to make your life easier. There are already too many things that you have to do in a day, you should not have to worry about the house cleaning.

You can choose how many maids you want sent to your home and how often you want them sent. Some people hire maids to come out and clean their homes just once. Other people hire maids to come out once a week to clean their homes. There are also people that hire maids to come every day to make sure their home is completely clean at all times.

If you live in a small home then you probably only need one maid because if you have too many maids in one small home then the maids will not be able to do their jobs properly. Larger homes usually need two or more maids to get the job done right.

You can hire individuals that are looking for house cleaning jobs but most people do not feel comfortable letting strangers in their homes. If you use a maid service to hire a maid you can feel safe knowing that the maid will do the job right and not take anything from your home.

Most maid services do a thorough back ground check and drug test on all their potential employees. When you hire someone that you do not know there is no way for you to know if the person you are hiring is a drug addict or a thief. This is why hiring through a maid service is the safest way to go.

A professional maid will also clean your home better than anyone you could hire on your own. When someone applies to work for a maid service they have to go through a training course to learn how to properly clean a home. Most maid services require that you pay them and they pay their employees.

If you are going to be using a maid for an extended period of time you will need a maid that you can get along with. If you can not get along with the maid the service sends you then you should call the service and request a new maid until you find one that works out with you and your household. Maids are there to make your life easier not to make it harder so if your maid is making things stressful then you need a new one.

Lack of Education Contributes to Crime

As more and more low-income families move into neighborhoods that once catered to the middle or upper class, one must be on the lookout for his own personal safety and report any criminal activity going on in their surroundings. Crime is everywhere in these neighborhoods where kids find too much time on their hands after school hours or after the school year lets out.

What also contributes to the crime rate in such places? Is it just the lack of money for low income families? Sometimes, crime can be attributed to the lack of education on the part of the perpetrator or their families.

It is a statistical fact that the crime rate is inversely proportional to the education level of the culprit. Kids who grow up in families that do not stress the importance of getting an education are more likely to be living out on the streets, doing drugs, joining gangs, or ending up in prison.

Sometimes parents who raise such kids were raised in similar conditions when they were youngsters. Nothing has changed. An education should be foremost on parents’ minds when rearing their kids. In fact, an education is the key out of poverty. As the old saying goes, “The way out of the gutter is with a book and not a basketball.”

Kids who do not have a good education in school are more likely to have difficulty with finding jobs, getting into college, or staying out of trouble with the law. Many times they have family issues that are attributed to the loss of a parent at a young age due to a death or an incarceration.

Kids from single-parent homes run that risk of growing up as an “at-risk” child. This is due to the fact that the parent must work to provide food and shelter for the child, and the absence of the other parent fails to provide leadership and guidance for a growing mind. A parent who is incarcerated will definitely not be around to guide the child to getting good grades in school.

What kind of message does an incarcerated parent send to a child? Is it okay to be dumb and stupid and end up in prison like their daddy? Like father, like son. Right? Is it okay to skip school and join a gang like their daddy once did?

The truth of the matter is that kids who drop out of school will face hardship in their lives as they grow older. Lack of education on their part means lack of money to support a family. Lack of money translates into robbing a bank or convenience store.

We hear in the news every day a robbery that occurs in our city or elsewhere. Or perhaps a shooting on the part of the perpetrator that caused an innocent life come to an abrupt halt.

What are kids doing nowadays? How can we prevent our own kids from becoming troubled kids? For one, a parent must be a good role model and stress the importance of a good education. That means the parents must take an active role in their child’s education by monitoring how much television the child is allowed to watch and taking charge of knowing the kinds of friends that his child associates with. Furthermore, this means maintaining communication with his teachers at school and looking over his report card regularly.

A child with poor academic performance may indicate something wrong at school. Perhaps he does not like school due to external influences; i.e. bullying, difficult teachers, taunting by other students, or peer pressure.

It is better to catch the child’s problem as early as possible before it comes to the point that the child is truant from school, or worse, acts out his frustration that is reflected in another Virginia Tech-like massacre.

A child should like his studies and should show interest in his schoolwork. He should be taught that good grades will help him get a good education so that he can get a good paying job and be a productive member of society after he graduates.

Teach your child that involvement in gangs, violence, drugs, and/or extortion will not get him anywhere but prison. Once a person ends up doing life in prison, there IS no second chance. There is no freedom for him. There is no TV, no video games, no music, nothing! Not even a chance to get an education behind bars. If there is school in prison, the education is very limited.

If you are raising a child, question your child as to what is going on in school if he/she displays academic difficulty. Spend some quality time with him/her. Help them with their homework if possible. Remember, you are not just his/her friend, you are their parents. You are the first role model that a child looks toward from infancy. So be a good one and teach him/her what is right by staying in school.

There is a story in Austin, Texas a few years ago. It involved a troubled 17-year-old kid, Manuel Cortez, a high school dropout, who went out with his friends in a stolen car one sunny afternoon, and shot another student, Christopher Briseno, whom he did not even know because Briseno allegedly was teasing the sister of Manuel’s friend. Manuel Cortez is now serving life in prison because he made a stupid decision. Now families of the victim and the perpetrator are suffering two losses from society. All for what? Because Mr. Cortez chose to drop out of school and associate with gangs and/or violence? He chose to give up the possibility of an education so that he can run around gang banging? Or did he not have the proper support and guidance from his parents?